The Letter
of Barnabas
(c. 100)
 

 St. Luke and St. Barnabas .
Wall painting, Deir el-Suryan (Wadi Natrun), c. 900.


Engl: Ante-Nicene Fathers: Volume I (pp. 137-149). Greek: ΒΑΡΝΑΒΑ ΕΠΙΣΤΟΛΗ  Épître de Barnabe (Cerf, Paris 1971). [Introduction]


(1) Virtue List;   (2) Passing away of the Jewish Covenant;   (3) Need for community (not solitary life);   (4) Way of Light;    (5) Way of Darkness;    (6) admonitions [1] and [2] against abortion.


Not so much a letter as a paranetic treatise,
like the New Testament Letter of James

 

The Office of Readings,18th Sunday of O.T. The Liturgy of the Hours,

vol.4, pp. 56-58

1. GREETINGS, sons and daughters, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, who loved us in peace.

1.1 Χαίρετε, υἱοὶ καὶ θυγατέρες, ἐν ὀνόματι κυρίου τοῦ ἀγαπήσαντος ἡμᾶς, ἐν εἰρήνῃ.

Seeing that the divine fruits of righteousness abound among you, I rejoice exceedingly and above measure in your happy and honoured spirits, because you have with such effect received the engrafted spiritual gift.

1.2 Μεγάλων μὲν ὄντων καὶ πλουσίων τῶν τοῦ θεοῦ δικαιωμάτων εἰς ὑμᾶς, ὑπέρ τι καὶ καθ' ὑπερβολὴν ὑπερευφραίνομαι ἐπὶ τοῖς μακαρίοις καὶ ἐνδόξοις ὑμῶν πνεύμασιν· οὕτως ἔμφυτον τῆς δωρεᾶς πνευματικῆς χάριν εἰλήφατε.

Therefore I also rejoice inwardly all the more, hoping to be saved, because I truly perceive in you the Spirit poured forth from the rich Lord of love. Your greatly desired appearance has thus filled me with astonishment over you.

1.3α Διὸ καὶ μᾶλλον συγχαίρω ἐμαυτῷ ἐλπίζων σωθῆναι, ὅτι ἀληθῶς βλέπω ἐν ὑμῖν ἐκκεχυμένον ἀπὸ τοῦ πλουσίου τῆς πηγῆς κυρίου πνεῦμα ἐφ' ὑμᾶς.

I am therefore pursuaded of this, and fully convinced in my own mind, that since I began to speak among you I understand many things, because the Lord has accompanied me in the way of righteousness. I am also on this account bound by the strictest obligation to love you above my own soul, because great are the faith and love dwelling in you, while you hope for the life which He has promised.

  1.3β Οὕτως με ἐξέπληξεν ἐπὶ ὑμῶν ἡ ἐμοὶ ἐπιποθήτη ὄψις ὑμῶν. 1.4 Πεπεισμένος οὖν τοῦτο καὶ συνειδὼς ἐμαυτῷ, ὅτι ἐν ὑμῖν λαλήσας πολλὰ ἐπίσταμαι, ὅτι ἐμοὶ συνώδευσεν ἐν ὁδῷ δικαιοσύνης κύριος, καὶ πάντως εἰς τοῦτο κἀγὼ ἀναγκάζομαι, ἀγαπᾶν ὑμᾶς ὑπὲρ τὴν ψυχήν μου, ὅτι μεγάλη πίστις καὶ ἀγάπη ἐγκατοικεῖ ἐν ὑμῖν ἐπ' ἐλπίδι ζωῆς αὐτοῦ.

Considering this, therefore, that if I should take the trouble to communicate to you some portion of what I have myself received, it will prove to me a sufficient reward that I minister to such spirits, I have hastened briefly to write to you, in order that, along with your faith, you might have perfect knowledge.

1.5 Λογισάμενος οὖν τοῦτο, ὅτι ἐὰν μελήσῃ μοι περὶ ὑμῶν τοῦ μέρος τι μεταδοῦναι ἀφ' οὗ ἔλαβον, ὅτι ἔσται μοι τοιούτοις πνεύμασιν ὑπηρετήσαντι εἰς μισθόν, ἐσπούδασα κατὰ μικρὸν ὑμῖν πέμπειν, ἵνα μετὰ τῆς πίστεως ὑμῶν τελείαν ἔχητε καὶ τὴν γνῶσιν.

The doctrines of the Lord, then, are three:

[1] hope for life, the beginning and end of our faith;

[2] justice, the beginning and end of judgement;

[3] and love, which bears cheerful and joyous witness to the works of righteousness}.

1.6 Τρία οὖν δόγματά ἐστιν κυρίου·

    ζωῆς ἐλπίς, ἀρχὴ καὶ τέλος πίστεως ἡμῶν,

    καὶ δικαιοσύνη, κρίσεως ἀρχὴ καὶ τέλος,

    ἀγάπη, εὐφροσύνης καὶ ἀγαλλιάσεως ἔργων ἐν δικαιοσύνῃ μαρτυρία.

For the Lord has made known to us by the prophets both the things that are past and present, giving us also the {ability to taste the} things {yet} to come:

1.7αἘγνώρισεν γὰρ ἡμῖν ὁ δεσπότης διὰ τῶν προφητῶν τὰ παρεληλυθότα καὶ τὰ ἐνεστῶτα, καὶ τῶν μελλόντων δοὺς ἀπαρχὰς ἡμῖν γεύσεως.

 - which things as we see accomplished, one by one, we ought with the greater richness of faith11 and elevation of spirit to draw near to Him with reverence.12 I then, not as your teacher, but as one of yourselves, will set forth a few things by which in present circumstances you may be rendered the more joyful.

1.7βὯν τὰ καθ' ἕκαστα βλέποντες ἐνεργούμενα, καθὼς ἐλάλησεν, ὀφείλομεν πλουσιώτερον καὶ ὑψηλότερον προσάγειν τῷ φόβῳ αὐτοῦ. 1.8Ἐγὼ δέ, οὐχ ὡς διδάσκαλος ἀλλ' ὡς εἷς ἐξ ὑμῶν, ὑποδείξω ὀλίγα, δι' ὧν ἐν τοῖς παροῦσιν εὐφρανθήσεσθε.

CHAPTER 2
[The Jewish Sacrifices are Now Abolished]

 

2) Since, therefore, the days are evil, and Satan13 possesses the power of this world, we ought to give heed to ourselves, and diligently inquire into the ordinances of the Lord.

2.1Ἡμερῶν οὖν οὐσῶν πονηρῶν καὶ αὐτοῦ τοῦ ἐνεργοῦντος ἔχοντος τὴν ἐξουσίαν, ὀφείλομεν ἑαυτοῖς προσέχοντες ἐκζητεῖν τὰ δικαιώματα κυρίου.

 

NOUS / LOGOS
 
VIRTUES: Prudence; Understanding; Wisdom; Justice; (humility)
VICES: Pride; Vainglory; (wilful-) Ignorance

EPITHUMIA
VIRTUES: Abstinence Temperance Almsgiving
 VICES:     Gluttony Lust Avarice

         THUMOS
      VIRTUES: (Patient-)
Endurance; Courage; Zeal
      VICES:
Anger; Sadness; Acedia

 

Virtues of the Pathetikon
and
Logistikon:

 

THE helpers of our faith, are thus

(1) fear and

(2) patience

while our fellow-warriors are

(3) patient endurance and

(4) continence

2.2 Τῆς οὖν πίστεως ἡμῶν εἰσὶν βοηθοὶ

φόβος καὶ

ὑπομονή,

τὰ δὲ συμμαχοῦντα ἡμῖν

μακροθυμία καὶ

ἐγκράτεια.

And while these remain pure in what respects the Lord, there will rejoice along with them:

(1) wisdom,

(2) understanding,

(3) insight}, and

(4) knowledge.}

2.3 Τούτων οὖν μενόντων τὰ πρὸς κύριον ἁγνῶς, συνευφραίνονται αὐτοῖς

σοφία,

σύνεσις,

ἐπιστήμη,

γνῶσις.

For He has revealed to us by all the prophets that He needs neither sacrifices, nor burnt-offerings, nor oblations, saying thus, “What is the multitude of your sacrifices to Me, says the Lord? I am full of burnt-offerings, and desire not the fat of lambs, and the blood of bulls and goats, not when you come to appear before Me: for who has required these things at your hands? Tread no more My courts, not though ye bring with you fine flour. Incense is a vain abomination to Me, and your new moons and sabbaths I cannot endure.”15 2.4 Πεφανέρωκεν γὰρ ἡμῖν διὰ πάντων τῶν προφητῶν, ὅτι οὔτε θυσιῶν οὔτε ὁλοκαυτωμάτων οὔτε προσφορῶν χρῄζει, λέγων ὁτὲ μέν· 2.5 "Τί μοι πλῆθος τῶν θυσιῶν ὑμῶν; λέγει κύριος. Πλήρης εἰμὶ ὁλοκαυτωμάτων κριῶν, καὶ στέαρ ἀρνῶν καὶ αἷμα ταύρων καὶ τράγων οὐ βούλομαι, οὐδ' ἂν ἔρχησθε ὀφθῆναί μοι. Τίς γὰρ ἐξεζήτησεν ταῦτα ἐκ τῶν χειρῶν ὑμῶν; Πατεῖν μου τὴν αὐλὴν οὐ προσθήσεσθε.Ἐὰν φέρητε σεμίδαλιν, μάταιον· θυμίαμα βδέλυγμά μοί ἐστιν· τὰς νεομηνίας ὑμῶν καὶ τὰ σάββατα οὐκ ἀνέχομαι."

The Office of Readings, Monday of the 18th week of O.T.  The Liturgy of the Hours

vol. 4, pp. 61-63

He has therefore abolished these things, that the new law of our Lord Jesus Christ, which is wiyout the yoke of necessity, might not have a man-made oblation.16 And again He says to them, “Did I command your fathers, when they went out from the land of Egypt, to offer to Me burnt-offerings and sacrifices? But this rather I commanded them, Let no one of you cherish any evil in his heart against his neighbour, and love not an oath of falsehood.”17

2.6 Ταῦτα οὖν κατήργησεν, ἵνα ὁ καινὸς νόμος τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶνἸησοῦ Χριστοῦ, ἄνευ ζυγοῦ ἀνάγκης ὤν, μὴ ἀνθρωποποίητον ἔχῃ τὴν προσφοράν. 2.7 Λέγει δὲ πάλιν πρὸς αὐτούς· "Μὴ ἐγὼ ἐνετειλάμην τοῖς πατράσιν ὑμῶν ἐκπορευομένοις ἐκ γῆς Αἰγύπτου, προσενέγκαι μοι ὁλοκαυτώματα καὶ θυσίας, 2.8 ἀλλ' ἢ τοῦτο ἐνετειλάμην αὐτοῖς· ἕκαστος ὑμῶν κατὰ τοῦ πλησίον ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ αὐτοῦ κακίαν μὴ μνησικακείτω, καὶ ὅρκον ψευδῆ μὴ ἀγαπάτω."

We ought therefore, being possessed of understanding, to perceive the gracious intention of our Father; for He speaks to us, desirous that we, not18 going astray like them, should ask how we may approach Him. To us, then, He declares, “A sacrifice [pleasing] to God is a broken spirit; a smell of sweet savour to the Lord is a heart that glorifies Him that made it.”19 We ought therefore, brethren, carefully to inquire concerning our salvation, lest the wicked one, having made his entrance by deceit, should hurl20 us forth from our [true] life.

2.9 Αἰσθάνεσθαι οὖν ὀφείλομεν, μὴ ὄντες ἀσύνετοι, τὴν γνώμην τῆς ἀγαθωσύνης τοῦ πατρὸς ἡμῶν, ὅτι ἡμῖν λέγει, θέλων ἡμᾶς μὴ ὁμοίως πλανωμένους ἐκείνοις ζητεῖν πῶς προσάγωμεν αὐτῷ. 2.10αἩμῖν οὖν οὕτως λέγει· "Θυσία τῷ θεῷ καρδία συντετριμμένη, ὀσμὴ εὐωδίας τῷ κυρίῳ καρδία δοξάζουσα τὸν πεπλακότα αὐτήν." 2.10βἈκριβεύεσθαι οὖν ὀφείλομεν, ἀδελφοί, περὶ τῆς σωτηρίας ἡμῶν, ἵνα μὴ ὁ πονηρὸς παρείσδυσιν πλάνης ποιήσας ἐν ἡμῖν ἐκσφενδονήσῃ ἡμᾶς ἀπὸ τῆς ζωῆς ἡμῶν.

CHAPTER 3
[The Fasts of the Jews are Not True Fasts, Nor Acceptable to God.]

 

3) He says then to them again concerning these things, “Why do you fast to Me as on this day, says the Lord, that your voice should be heard with a cry? I have not chosen this fast, says the Lord, that a man should humble his soul. Nor, though ye bend your neck like a ring, and put upon you sackcloth and ashes, will you call it an acceptable fast.”21

3.1 Λέγει οὖν πάλιν περὶ τούτων πρὸς αὐτούς· "Ἱνατί μοι νηστεύετε, λέγει κύριος, ὡς σήμερον ἀκουσθῆναι ἐν κραυγῇ τὴν φωνὴν ὑμῶν; Οὐ ταύτην τὴν νηστείαν ἐξελεξάμην, λέγει κύριος, οὐκ ἄνθρωπον ταπεινοῦντα τὴν ψυχὴν αὐτοῦ. 3.2 Οὐδ' ἂν κάμψητε ὡς κρίκον τὸν τράχηλον ὑμῶν καὶ σάκκον καὶ σποδὸν ἐνδύσησθε, οὐδ' οὕτως καλέσετε νηστείαν δεκτήν."

{While} He says to us, “Behold, this is the fast that I have chosen, says the Lord, not that a man should humble his soul, but that he should loose every band of iniquity, untie the fastenings of harsh agreements, restore to liberty them that are bruised, tear in pieces every unjust engagement, feed the hungry with your bread, clothe the naked when you seest him, bring the homeless into your house, not despise the humble if you behold him, and not [turn away] from the members of thine own family.

3.3 Πρὸς ἡμᾶς δὲ λέγει· "Ἰδοὺ αὕτη ἡ νηστεία ἣν ἐγὼ ἐξελεξάμην, λέγει κύριος· λύε πάντα σύνδεσμον ἀδικίας, διάλυε στραγγαλιὰς βιαίων συναλλαγμάτων, ἀπόστελλε τεθραυσμένους ἐν ἀφέσει, καὶ πᾶσαν ἄδικον συγγραφὴν διάσπα. Διάθρυπτε πεινῶσιν τὸν ἄρτον σου, καὶ γυμνὸν ἐὰν ἴδῃς περίβαλε· ἀστέγους εἴσαγε εἰς τὸν οἶκόν σου, καὶ ἐὰν ἴδῃς ταπεινόν, οὐχ ὑπερόψῃ αὐτόν, οὐδὲ ἀπὸ τῶν οἰκείων τοῦ σπέρματός σου.
Then shall your dawn break forth, and your healing shall quickly spring up, and righteousness shall go forth before thee, and the glory of God shall encompass thee; and then you shall call, and God shall hear thee; whilst you art yout speaking, He shall say, Behold, I am with thee; if you take away from thee the chain [binding others], and the stretching forth of the hands22 [to sweat falsely], and words of murmuring, and give cheerfully your bread to the hungry, and show compassion to the soul that has been humbled.”23 3.4 Τότε ῥαγήσεται πρώϊμον τὸ φῶς σου, καὶ τὰ ἰάματά σου ταχέως ἀνατελεῖ, καὶ προπορεύσεται ἔμπροσθέν σου ἡ δικαιοσύνη, καὶ ἡ δόξα τοῦ θεοῦ περιστελεῖ σε. 3.5 Τότε βοήσεις, καὶ ὁ θεὸς ἐπακούσεταί σου–ἔτι λαλοῦντός σου ἐρεῖ· "Ἰδοὺ πάρειμι"–ἐὰν ἀφέλῃς ἀπὸ σοῦ σύνδεσμον καὶ χειροτονίαν καὶ ῥῆμα γογγυσμοῦ, καὶ δῷς πεινῶντι τὸν ἄρτον σου ἐκ ψυχῆς σου, καὶ ψυχὴν τεταπεινωμένην ἐλεήσῃς."

To this end, therefore, brethren, He is long-suffering, foreseeing how the people whom He has prepared shall with guilelessness believe in His Beloved. For He revealed all these things to us beforehand, that we should not rush forward as rash acceptors of their laws.24

3.6 Εἰς τοῦτο οὖν, ἀδελφοί, ὁ μακρόθυμος προβλέψας, ὡς ἐν ἀκεραιοσύνῃ πιστεύσει ὁ λαὸς ὃν ἡτοίμασεν τῷ ἠγαπημένῳ αὐτοῦ, προεφανέρωσεν ἡμῖν περὶ πάντων, ἵνα μὴ προσρησσώμεθα ὡς προσήλυτοι τῷ ἐκείνων νόμῳ.

CHAPTER 4
[Antichrist is at Hand: Let Us Therefore Avoid Jewish Errors]

 

It therefore behoves us, who inquire much concerning events at hand,25 to search diligently into those things which are able to save us. Let us then utterly flee from all the works of iniquity, lest these should take hold of us; and let us hate the error of the present time, that we may set our love on the world to come: let us not give loose reins to our soul, that it should have power to run with sinners and the wicked, lest we become like them.

4.1α Δεῖ οὖν ἡμᾶς περὶ τῶν ἐνεστώτων ἐπιπολὺ ἐρευνῶντας ἐκζητεῖν τὰ δυνάμενα ἡμᾶς σώζειν. 4.1β Φύγωμεν οὖν τελείως ἀπὸ πάντων τῶν ἔργων τῆς ἀνομίας, μήποτε καταλάβῃ ἡμᾶς τὰ ἔργα τῆς ἀνομίας· καὶ μισήσωμεν τὴν πλάνην τοῦ νῦν καιροῦ, ἵνα εἰς τὸν μέλλοντα ἀγαπηθῶμεν. 4.2 Μὴ δῶμεν τῇ ἑαυτῶν ψυχῇ ἄνεσιν, ὥστε ἔχειν αὐτὴν ἐξουσίαν μετὰ πονηρῶν καὶ ἁμαρτωλῶν συντρέχειν, μήποτε ὁμοιωθῶμεν αὐτοῖς.

The following section is not given in the Liturgy of the Hours

 

The final stumbling-block [or ‘source of danger’] approaches, concerning which it is written, as Enoch26 says, “For for this end the Lord has cut short the times and the days, that His Beloved may hasten; and He will come to the inheritance.” And the prophet also speaks thus: “Ten kingdoms shall reign upon the earth, and a little king shall rise up after them, who shall subdue under one three of the kings.27

4.3α Τὸ τέλειον σκάνδαλον ἤγγικεν, περὶ οὗ γέγραπται, ὡςἘνὼχ λέγει. 4.3β Εἰς τοῦτο γὰρ ὁ δεσπότης συντέτμηκεν τοὺς καιροὺς καὶ τὰς ἡμέρας, ἵνα ταχύνῃ ὁ ἠγαπημένος αὐτοῦ, καὶ ἐπὶ τὴν κληρονομίαν ἥξει. 4.4 Λέγει δὲ οὕτως ὁ προφήτης· "Βασιλεῖαι δέκα ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς βασιλεύσουσιν, καὶ ἐξαναστήσεται ὄπισθεν μικρὸς βασιλεύς, ὃς ταπεινώσει τρεῖς ὑφ' ἓν τῶν βασιλειῶν."

In like manner Daniel says concerning the same, “And I beheld the fourth beast, wicked and powerful, and more savage than all the beasts of the earth, and how from it sprang up ten horns, and out of them a little budding horn, and how it subdued under one three of the great horns.”28

4.5αὉμοίως περὶ τοῦ αὐτοῦ λέγει Δανιήλ· "Καὶ εἶδον τὸ τέταρτον θηρίον τὸ πονηρὸν καὶ ἰσχυρὸν καὶ χαλεπώτερον παρὰ πάντα τὰ θηρία τῆς θαλάσσης, καὶ ὡς ἐξ αὐτοῦ ἀνέτειλεν δέκα κέρατα, καὶ ἐξ αὐτῶν μικρὸν κέρας παραφυάδιον, καὶ ὡς ἐταπείνωσεν ὑφ' ἓν τρία τῶν μεγάλων κεράτων."
2 Jewish Covenant Passing  

 

The Toppling
     of  the Old Covenant,
The Apostle's Creed

The Breviary of
Martin of Aragon, 1350

 

You ought therefore to understand. And this also I further beg of you, as being one of you, and loving you both individually and collectively more than my own soul, to take heed now to yourselves, and not to be like some, adding largely to your sins, and saying, “The covenant is both theirs and ours.29

4.5β̔6̓ Συνιέναι οὖν ὀφείλετε. 4.6Ἔτι δὲ καὶ τοῦτο ἐρωτῶ ὑμᾶς ὡς εἷς ἐξ ὑμῶν ὤν, ἰδίως δὲ καὶ πάντας ἀγαπῶν ὑπὲρ τὴν ψυχήν μου, προσέχειν ἑαυτοῖς καὶ μὴ ὁμοιοῦσθαί τισιν ἐπισωρεύοντας ταῖς ἁμαρτίαις ὑμῶν λέγοντας ὅτι ἡ διαθήκη ἡμῶν ἡμῖν μένει.

But they thus finally lost it, after Moses had already received it.

4.7αἩμῶν μέν· ἀλλ' ἐκεῖνοι οὕτως εἰς τέλος ἀπώλεσαν αὐτὴν λαβόντος ἤδη τοῦ Μωϋσέως.

For the Scripture says, “And Moses was fasting in the mount forty days and forty nights, and received the covenant from the Lord, tables of stone written with the finger of the hand of the Lord; ”30 but turning away to idols, they lost it.

4.7β Λέγει γὰρ ἡ γραφή· "Καὶ ἦν Μωϋσῆς ἐν τῷ ὄρει νηστεύων ἡμέρας τεσσαράκοντα καὶ νύκτας τεσσαράκοντα καὶ ἔλαβεν τὴν διαθήκην ἀπὸ τοῦ κυρίου, πλάκας λιθίνας γεγραμμένας τῷ δακτύλῳ τῆς χειρὸς τοῦ κυρίου." 4.7ξ̔8̓Ἀλλὰ ἐπιστραφέντες ἐπὶ τὰ εἴδωλα ἀπώλεσαν αὐτήν.

For the Lord speaks thus to Moses: “Moses go down quickly; for the people whom you hast brought out of the land of Egypt have transgressed.”31 And Moses understood [the meaning of God], and cast the two tables out of his hands; and their covenant was broken, in order that the covenant of the beloved Jesus might be sealed upon our heart, in the hope which flows from believing in Him.32

4.8α Λέγει γὰρ οὕτως κύριος· "Μωϋσῆ Μωϋσῆ, κατάβηθι τὸ τάχος, ὅτι ἠνόμησεν ὁ λαός σου, οὓς ἐξήγαγες ἐκ γῆς Αἰγύπτου." 4.8β Καὶ συνῆκεν Μωϋσῆς καὶ ἔριψουν τὰς δύο πλάκας ἐκ τῶν χειρῶν αὐτοῦ, 4.8ξ καὶ συνετρίβη αὐτῶν ἡ διαθήκη, ἵνα ἡ τοῦ ἠγαπημένουἸησοῦ ἐνκατασφραγισθῇ εἰς τὴν καρδίαν ἡμῶν ἐν ἐλπίδι τῆς πίστεως αὐτοῦ.

Now, being desirous to write many things to you, not as your teacher, but as becomes one who loves you, I have taken care not to fail to write to you from what I myself possess, with a view to your purification.33 We take earnest34 heed in these last days; for the whole [past] time of your faith will profit you nothing, unless now in this wicked time we also withstand coming sources of danger, as becomes the sons of God.

4.9α Πολλὰ δὲ θέλων γράφειν, οὐχ ὡς διδάσκαλος ἀλλ' ὡς πρέπει ἀγαπῶντι, ἀφ' ὧν ἔχομεν μὴ ἐλλείπειν, γράφειν ἐσπούδασα–περίψημα ὑμῶν. 4.9β Διὸ προσέχωμεν ἐν ταῖς ἐσχάταις ἡμέραις· οὐδὲν γὰρ ὠφελήσει ἡμᾶς ὁ πᾶς χρόνος τῆς ζωῆς ἡμῶν καὶ τῆς πίστεως, ἐὰν μὴ νῦν ἐν τῷ ἀνόμῳ καιρῷ καὶ τοῖς μέλλουσιν σκανδάλοις, ὡς πρέπει υἱοῖς θεοῦ, ἀντιστῶμεν.

Dangers of Solitude

 

That the Black One35 may find no means of entrance, let us flee from every vanity, let us utterly hate the works of the way of wickedness. Do not, by retiring apart [monazete], live a solitary life, as if you were already [fully] justified; but coming together in one place, make common inquiry concerning what tends to your general welfare. For the Scripture says, “Woe to them who are wise to themselves, and prudent in their own sight!”36

4.10αἽνα οὖν μὴ σχῇ παρείσδυσιν ὁ μέλας, φύγωμεν ἀπὸ πάσης ματαιότητος, μισήσωμεν τελείως τὰ ἔργα τῆς πονηρᾶς ὁδοῦ. 4.10β Μὴ καθ' ἑαυτοὺς ἐνδύνοντες μονάζετε ὡς ἤδη δεδικαιωμένοι, ἀλλ' ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτὸ συνερχόμενοι συνζητεῖτε περὶ τοῦ κοινῇ συμφέροντος. 4.11α Λέγει γὰρ ἡ γραφή· "Οὐαὶ οἱ συνετοὶ παρ' ἑαυτοῖς καὶ ἐνώπιον αὐτῶν ἐπιστήμονες."

Let us be spiritually-minded: let us be a perfect temple to God. As much as in us lies, let us meditate upon the fear of God, and let us keep His commandments, that we may rejoice in His ordinances. The Lord will judge the world without respect of persons. Each will receive as he has done: if he is righteous, his righteousness will precede him; if he is wicked, the reward of wickedness is before him.

4.11β Γενώμεθα πνευματικοί, γενώμεθα ναὸς τέλειος τῷ θεῷ. 4.11ξἘφ' ὅσον ἐστὶν ἐφ' ἡμῖν, μελετῶμεν τὸν φόβον τοῦ θεοῦ καὶ φυλάσσειν ἀγωνιζώμεθα τὰς ἐντολὰς αὐτοῦ, ἵνα ἐν τοῖς δικαιώμασιν αὐτοῦ εὐφρανθῶμεν. 4.12Ὁ κύριος ἀπροσωπολήπτως κρινεῖ τὸν κόσμον· ἕκαστος καθὼς ἐποίησεν κομιεῖται–ἐὰν ᾖ ἀγαθός, ἡ δικαιοσύνη αὐτοῦ προηγήσεται αὐτοῦ· ἐὰν ᾖ πονηρός, ὁ μισθὸς τῆς πονηρίας ἔμπροσθεν αὐτοῦ.

Take heed, lest resting at our ease, as those who are the called [of God], we should fall asleep in our sins, and the wicked prince, acquiring power over us, should thrust us away from the kingdom of the Lord.

4.13 Προσέχωμεν μήποτε ἐπαναπαυόμενοι ὡς κλητοὶ ἐπικαθυπνώσωμεν ταῖς ἁμαρτίαις ἡμῶν, καὶ ὁ πονηρὸς ἄρχων λαβὼν τὴν καθ' ἡμῶν ἐξουσίαν ἀπώσηται ἡμᾶς ἀπὸ τῆς βασιλείας τοῦ κυρίου.

The text cited in the Liturgy of the Hours resumes here

 
And all the more attend to this, my brethren, when you reflect and behold, that after so great signs and wonders were wrought in Israel, they were thus [at length] abandoned. Let us beware lest we be found [fulfilling that saying], as it is written, “Many are called, but few are chosen.”37 4.14Ἔτι δὲ κἀκεῖνο, ἀδελφοί μου, νοεῖτε· ὅταν βλέπετε μετὰ τηλικαῦτα σημεῖα καὶ τέρατα γεγονότα ἐν τῷἸσραήλ, καὶ οὕτως ἐνκαταλελεῖφθαι αὐτούς, προσέχωμεν, μήποτε, ὡς γέγραπται, "πολλοὶ κλητοί, ὀλίγοι δὲ ἐκλεκτοὶ" εὑρεθῶμεν.
   
FORGIVEN & REFASHIONED  

CHAPTER 6
[The Sufferings of Christ, and the New Covenant, Were Announced by the Prophets]

 

The Office of Readings, Tuesday of the 18th week of O.T.  The Liturgy of the Hours

vol. 4, pp. 65-67 [(5.1-8); 6.11-16]

Since, therefore, having renewed us by the remission of our sins, He has made us after another pattern, [it is His purpose] that we should possess the soul of children, inasmuch as He has created us anew by His Spirit. For the Scripture says concerning us, while He speaks to the Son, “Let Us make man after Our image, and after Our likeness; and let them have dominion over the beasts of the earth, and the fowls of heaven, and the fishes of the sea.” (Gen. 1.26)  And the Lord said, on beholding our beautiful created [form], “Increase, and multiply, and replenish the earth.” (Gen 1.28) These things [were spoken] to the Son.

6.11Ἐπεὶ οὖν ἀνακαινίσας ἡμᾶς ἐν τῇ ἀφέσει τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν ἐποίησεν ἡμᾶς ἄλλον τύπον, ὡς παιδίον ἔχειν τὴν ψυχήν, ὡς ἂν δὴ ἀναπλάσσοντος αὐτοῦ ἡμᾶς. 6.12α Λέγει γὰρ ἡ γραφὴ περὶ ἡμῶν, ὡς λέγει τῷ υἱῷ· "Ποιήσωμεν κατ' εἰκόνα καὶ καθ' ὁμοίωσιν ἡμῶν τὸν ἄνθρωπον, καὶ ἀρχέτωσαν τῶν θηρίων τῆς γῆς καὶ τῶν πετεινῶν τοῦ οὐρανοῦ καὶ τῶν ἰχθύων τῆς θαλάσσης." 6.12β Καὶ εἶπεν κύριος, ἰδὼν τὸ καλὸν πλάσμα ἡμῶν· "Αὐξάνεσθε καὶ πληθύνεσθε καὶ πληρώσατε τὴν γῆν." 6.12ξ Ταῦτα πρὸς τὸν υἱόν.

Again, I will show you how, in respect to us, He has accomplished a second fashioning in these last days. The Lord says, “Behold, I will make the last like the first.” (cf. Matt. 20. 16 ; 2Cor. 5. 17) In reference to this, then, the prophet proclaimed, “Enter you into the land flowing with milk and honey, and have dominion over it.” (Ex. 33.3)

6.13α Πάλιν σοι ἐπιδείξω, πῶς πρὸς ἡμᾶς λέγει· δευτέραν πλάσιν ἐπ' ἐσχάτων ἐποίησεν. 6.13β Λέγει δὲ κύριος· "Ἰδού, ποιῶ τὰ ἔσχατα ὡς τὰ πρῶτα." 6.13ξ Εἰς τοῦτο οὖν ἐκήρυξεν ὁ προφήτης· "Εἰσέλθετε εἰς γῆν ῥέουσαν γάλα καὶ μέλι καὶ κατακυριεύσατε αὐτῆς."

Behold, therefore, we have been refashioned, as again He says in another prophet, “Behold, says the Lord, I will take away from these, that is, from those whom the Spirit of the Lord foresaw, their stony hearts, and I will put hearts of flesh within them,” (Ez. 9.19; 36.26) because He was to be manifested in flesh, and to sojourn among us. For, my brethren, the dwelling place of the heart is a holy temple to the Lord.

6.14αἼδε οὖν, ἡμεῖς ἀναπεπλάσμεθα, καθὼς πάλιν ἐν ἑτέρῳ προφήτῃ λέγει· "Ἰδού, λέγει κύριος, ἐξελῶ τούτων", τουτ- έστιν ὧν προέβλεπεν τὸ πνεῦμα κυρίου, "τὰς λιθίνας καρδίας, καὶ ἐμβαλῶ σαρκίνας"– 6.14β ὅτι αὐτὸς ἐν σαρκὶ ἔμελλεν φανεροῦσθαι καὶ ἐν ἡμῖν κατοικεῖν. 6.15 Ναὸς γὰρ ἅγιος, ἀδελφοί μου, τῷ κυρίῳ τὸ κατοικητήριον ἡμῶν τῆς καρδίας.

 For again says the Lord, “And wherewith shall I appear before the Lord my God, and be glorified? (cf. Ps. 42.2) ” He says, “I will confess to you in the Church in the midst of my brethren; and I will praise you in the midst of the assembly of the saints.” (Ps. 22. 23; Heb. 2. 12.) We, then, are they whom He has led into the good land.

6.16α Λέγει γὰρ πάλιν κύριος· "Καὶ ἐν τίνι ὀφθήσομαι τῷ κυρίῳ τῷ θεῷ μου καὶ δοξασθήσομαι;" 6.16β Λέγει· "Ἐξομολογήσομαί σοι ἐν ἐκκλησίᾳ ἀδελφῶν μου, καὶ ψαλῶ σοι ἀναμέσον ἐκκλησίας ἁγίων." 6.16ξ Οὐκοῦν ἡμεῖς ἐσμέν, οὓς εἰσήγαγεν εἰς τὴν γῆν τὴν ἀγαθήν.

The Office of Readings,Wed. of the 18th Week in O.T.

 

CHAPTER 19

 

 1) The way of light, then, is {this}: If any one desires to travel to the appointed place, he must be zealous in his works.

2) The knowledge, therefore, which is given to us for the purpose of walking in this way, is the following:

19.1αἩ οὖν ὁδὸς τοῦ φωτός ἐστιν αὕτη–ἐάν τις θέλων ὁδὸν ὁδεύειν ἐπὶ τὸν ὡρισμένον τόπον, σπεύσῃ τοῖς ἔργοις αὐτοῦ. 19.1βἜστιν οὖν ἡ δοθεῖσα ἡμῖν γνῶσις τοῦ περιπατεῖν ἐν αὐτῇ τοιαύτη·

1) You shall love Him who created you:

fear Him who formed you

glorify Him Who redeemed you from death.

19.2αἈγαπήσεις τόν σε ποιήσαντα,

φοβηθήσῃ τόν σε πλάσαντα,

δοξάσεις τόν σε λυτρωσάμενον ἐκ θανάτου.

2) You shall be simple in heart, and rich in spirit.

3) You shall not join yourself to those who walk in the way of death.

4) You shall hate doing what is unpleasing to God:

5) you shall hate all hypocrisy.

6) You shall not forsake the commandments of the Lord.

19.2βἜσῃ ἁπλοῦς τῇ καρδίᾳ καὶ πλούσιος τῷ πνεύματι.

19.2ξ Οὐ κολληθήσῃ μετὰ τῶν πορευομένων ἐν ὁδῷ θανάτου.

19.2δ Μισήσεις πᾶν ὃ οὐκ ἔστιν ἀρεστὸν τῷ θεῷ.

 19.2ε Μισήσεις πᾶσαν ὑπόκρισιν.

19.2φ Οὐ μὴ ἐγκαταλίπῃς ἐντολὰς κυρίου.

1) You shall not exalt yourself, but shall be of a lowly mind.245

2) You shall not take glory to yourself. You shall not take evil counsel against your neighbour. You shall not allow over-boldness to enter into your soul.246

19.3 α Οὐχ ὑψώσεις σεαυτόν, ἔσῃ δὲ ταπεινόφρων κατὰ πάντα.

19.3β Οὐκ ἀρεῖς ἐπὶ σεαυτὸν δόξαν, οὐ λήμψῃ βουλὴν πονηρὰν κατὰ τοῦ πλησίον σου, οὐ δώσεις τῇ ψυχῇ σου θράσος.

2) You shall not commit fornication: you shall not commit adultery: you shall not be a corrupter of youth.

2) You shall not let the word of God issue from your lips with any kind of impurity.247

3) You shall not accept persons when you reprovest any one for transgression.

4) You shall be meek: you shall be peaceable. You shall tremble at the words which you hearest.248

5) You shall not [harbor] memory of evil against your brother.

19.4α Οὐ πορνεύσεις, οὐ μοιχεύσεις, οὐ παιδοφθορήσεις.

19.4β Οὐ μή σου ὁ λόγος τοῦ θεοῦ ἐξέλθῃ ἐν ἀκαθαρσίᾳ τινῶν.

19.4ξ Οὐ λήμψῃ πρόσωπον ἐλέγξαι τινὰ ἐπὶ παραπτώματι.

19.4δἜσῃ πραΰς, ἔσῃ ἡσύχιος, ἔσῃ τρέμων τοὺς λόγους οὓς ἤκουσας.

19.4ε Οὐ μὴ μνησικακήσεις τῷ ἀδελφῷ σου.

 

1) You shall not be of [divided] mind249 as to whether a thing shall be or not.

2) You shall not take the name250 of the Lord in vain.

3) You shall love your neighbour more than thine own soul.251

 

19.5α Οὐ μὴ διψυχήσῃς πότερον ἔσται ἢ οὔ.

19.5β Οὐ μὴ λάβῃς ἐπὶ ματαίῳ τὸ ὄνομα κυρίου.

19.5ξἈγαπήσεις τὸν πλησίον σου ὑπὲρ τὴν ψυχήν σου.

4) You SHALL not slay the child by procuring abortion;
nor, again, shalL you destroy it after it is born.

19.5δ Οὐ φονεύσεις τέκνον ἐν φθορᾷ, οὐδὲ πάλιν γεννηθὲν ἀνελεῖς.

5) You shall not withdraw your hand from your son, or from your daughter, but from their infancy you shall teach them the fear of the Lord.252

19.5ε Οὐ μὴ ἄρῃς τὴν χεῖρά σου ἀπὸ τοῦ υἱοῦ σου ἢ ἀπὸ τῆς θυγατρός σου, ἀλλὰ ἀπὸ νεότητος διδάξεις φόβον κυρίου.

1) You shall not covet what is your neighbour’s, nor shall you be avaricious.

2) You shall not be joined in soul with the haughty, but you shall be reckoned with the righteous and lowly.

3) Receive you as good things the trials253 which come upon thee.254

19.6α Οὐ μὴ γένῃ ἐπιθυμῶν τὰ τοῦ πλησίον σου.

19.6β Οὐ μὴ γένῃ πλεονέκτης, οὐδὲ κολληθήσῃ ἐκ ψυχῆς σου μετὰ ὑψηλῶν, ἀλλὰ μετὰ δικαίων καὶ ταπεινῶν ἀναστραφήσῃ.

19.6ξ Τὰ συμβαίνοντά σοι ἐνεργήματα ὡς ἀγαθὰ προσδέξῃ, εἰδὼς ὅτι ἄνευ θεοῦ οὐδὲν γίνεται.

1) You shall not be of double mind or of double tongue,255 for a double tongue is a snare of death.

2) You shall be subject256 to the Lord, and to [other] masters as the image of God, with modesty and fear.

3) You shall not issue orders with bitterness to your maidservant or your man-servant, who trust in the same [God257 ], lest you shouldst not258 reverence that God who is above both; for He came to call men not according to their outward appearance,259 but according as the Spirit had prepared them.260

19.7α Οὐκ ἔσῃ διγνώμων οὐδὲ δίγλωσσος· παγὶς γὰρ θανάτου ἐστὶν ἡ διγλωσσία.

19.7βὙποταγήσῃ κυρίοις ὡς τύπῳ θεοῦ ἐν αἰσχύνῃ καὶ φόβῳ.

19.7ξ Οὐ μὴ ἐπιτάξῃς δούλῳ σου ἢ παιδίσκῃ ἐν πικρίᾳ, τοῖς ἐπὶ τὸν αὐτὸν θεὸν ἐλπίζουσιν, μή ποτε οὐ φοβηθῶσιν τὸν ἐπ' ἀμφοτέροις θεόν· ὅτι ἦλθεν οὐ κατὰ πρόσωπον καλέσαι, ἀλλ' ἐφ' οὓς τὸ πνεῦμα ἡτοίμασεν.

1) You shall {have all things in common} with your neighbour; you shall not call261 things thine own; for if you are partakers in common of things which are incorruptible,262 how much more [should you be] of those things which are corruptible!263

2) You shall not be hasty with your tongue, for the mouth is a snare of death.

3) As far as possible, you shall be pure in your soul.

19.8α Κοινωνήσεις ἐν πᾶσιν τῷ πλησίον σου καὶ οὐκ ἐρεῖς ἴδια εἶναι· εἰ γὰρ ἐν τῷ ἀφθάρτῳ κοινωνοί ἐστε, πόσῳ μᾶλλον ἐν τοῖς φθαρτοῖς;

19.8β Οὐκ ἔσῃ πρόγλωσσος, παγὶς γὰρ στόμα θανάτου.

19.8ξὍσον δύνασαι, ὑπὲρ τῆς ψυχῆς σου ἁγνεύσεις.

1) Do not be ready to stretch forth your hands to take, whilr you contract them to give.

2) You shall love, as the apple of your eye, every one that speaks to thee the word of the Lord.

19.9α Μὴ γίνου πρὸς μὲν τὸ λαβεῖν ἐκτείνων τὰς χεῖρας, πρὸς δὲ τὸ δοῦναι συσπῶν.

19.9βἈγαπήσεις ὡς κόρην ὀφθαλμοῦ σου πάντα τὸν λαλοῦντα σοι τὸν λόγον κυρίου.

You shall remember the day of judgment, night and day, {and} seek out every day the faces of the saints,264 either by word examining them, and going to exhort them, and meditating how to save a soul by the word,265 or by your hands you shall labour for the redemption of your sins.

19.10 Μνησθήσῃ ἡμέραν κρίσεως νυκτὸς καὶ ἡμέρας, καὶ ἐκζητήσεις καθ' ἑκάστην ἡμέραν, ἢ διὰ λόγου κοπιῶν καὶ πορευόμενος εἰς τὸ παρακαλέσαι καὶ μελετῶν εἰς τὸ σῶσαι ψυχὴν τῷ λόγῳ, ἢ διὰ τῶν χειρῶν σου ἐργάσῃ εἰς λύτρον ἁμαρτιῶν σου.

1) You shall not hesitate to give, nor murmur when you givest. “Give to every one that asks thee,”266 and you shall know who is the good Recompenser of the reward.

2) You shall preserve what you hast received [in charge], neither adding to it nor taking from it.

3) To the last you shall hate the wicked267 [one].268

4) You shall judge righteously.

19.11α Οὐ διστάσεις δοῦναι οὐδὲ διδοὺς γογγύσεις, γνώσῃ δὲ τίς ὁ τοῦ μισθοῦ καλὸς ἀνταποδότης.

19.11β Φυλάξεις ἃ παρέλαβες, μήτε προστιθεὶς μήτε ἀφαι ρῶν.

19.11ξ Εἰς τέλος μισήσεις τὸ πονηρόν.

19.11δ Κρινεῖς δικαίως.

1) You shall not make a schism, but you shall pacify those that contend by bringing them together.

2) You shall confess your sins.

3) You shall not go to prayour with an evil conscience.

19.12α Οὐ ποιήσεις σχίσμα, εἰρηνεύσεις δὲ μαχομένους συναγαγών.

19.12βἘξομολογήσῃ ἐπὶ ἁμαρτίαις σου.

19.12ξ Οὐ προσήξεις ἐπὶ προσευχὴν ἐν συνειδήσει πονηρᾷ.

 

This is the way of light.269

 

 

 

CHAPTER 20

 

20. 1) But the way of darkness270 is crooked, and full of cursing;

2) for it is the way of eternal271 death with punishment, in which way are the things that destroy the soul, [namely]:

3) idolatry, over-confidence, the arrogance of power, hypocrisy, double-heartedness, adultery, murder, rapine, haughtiness, transgression,272 deceit, malice, self-sufficiency, poisoning, magic, avarice,273 want of the fear of God.

20.1αἩ δὲ τοῦ μέλανος ὁδός ἐστιν σκολιὰ καὶ κατάρας μεστή.

20.1βὍλως γάρ ἐστιν ὁδὸς θανάτου αἰωνίου μετὰ τιμωρίας, ἐν ᾗ ἐστὶν τὰ ἀπολλύντα τὴν ψυχὴν αὐτῶν·

20.1ξ εἰδωλολατρεία, θρασύτης, ὕψος δυνάμεως, ὑπόκρισις, διπλοκαρδία, μοιχεία, φόνος, ἁρπαγή, ὑπερηφανία, παράβασις, δόλος, κακία, αὐθάδεια, φαρμακεία, μαγεία, πλεονεξία, ἀφοβία θεοῦ.

1) [In this way, too, ] are those who persecute the good,

2) those who hate truth, those who love falsehood,

3) those who know not the reward of righteousness, those who cleave not to that which is good,

4) those who attend not with just judgment to the widow and orphan,

5) those who watch not to the fear of God, [but incline] to wickedness, from whom meekness and patience are far off;

6) persons who love vanity, follow after a reward,

20.2α Διῶκται τῶν ἀγαθῶν,

20.2β μισοῦντες ἀλήθειαν, ἀγαπῶντες ψουῦδος,

20.2ξ οὐ γινώσκοντες μισθὸν δικαιοσύνης, οὐ κολλώμενοι ἀγαθῷ,

20.2δ οὐ κρίσει δικαίᾳ, χήρᾳ καὶ ὀρφανῷ οὐ προσέχοντες,

20.2ε ἀγρυπνοῦντες οὐκ εἰς φόβον θεοῦ, ἀλλ' ἐπὶ τὸ πονηρόν – ὧν μακρὰν καὶ πόρρω πραΰτης καὶ ὑπομονή –

20.2φ ἀγαπῶντες μάταια, διώκοντες ἀνταπόδομα,

 

7) pity not the needy, labour not in aid of him who is overcome with toil;

8) who are prone to evil-speaking, who know not Him that made them,

20.2γ οὐκ ἐλεοῦντες πτωχόν, οὐ πονοῦντες ἐπὶ καταπονουμένῳ,

20.2η εὐχερεῖς ἐν καταλαλιᾷ, οὐ γινώσκοντες τὸν ποιήσαντα αὐτούς,

9) who are murderers of children, destroyers of the workmanship of God;

10) who turn away him that is in want, who oppress the afflicted,

11) who are advocates of the rich, who are unjust judges of the poor, and who are in every respect transgressors.

20.2ι φονεῖς τέκνων, φθορεῖς πλάσματος θεοῦ,

20.2ς ἀποστρεφόμενοι τὸν ἐνδεόμενον, καταπονοῦντες τὸν θλιβόμενον,

20.2κ πλουσίων παράκλητοι, πενήτων ἄνομοι κριταί– πανταμάρτητοι.

CHAPTER 21 Conclusion.

 

It is well, therefore,274 that he who has learned the judgments of the Lord, as many as have been written, should walk in them.

For he who keeps these shall be glorified in the kingdom of God; but he who chooses other things shall be destroyoud with his works.

On this account there will be a resurrection, on this account a retribution.

21.1α Καλὸν οὖν ἐστίν, μαθόντα τὰ δικαιώματα τοῦ κυρίου, ὅσα γέγραπται, ἐν τούτοις περιπατεῖν.

21.1βὉ γὰρ ταῦτα ποιῶν ἐν τῇ βασιλείᾳ τοῦ θεοῦ δοξασθήσεται· ὁ ἐκεῖνα ἐκλεγόμενος μετὰ τῶν ἔργων αὐτοῦ συναπολεῖται.

21.1ξ Διὰ τοῦτο ἀνάστασις, διὰ τοῦτο ἀνταπόδομα.

I beseech you who are superiors, if you will receive any counsel of my good-will, have among yourselves those to whom you may show kindness: do not forsake them. For the day is at hand on which all things shall perish with the evil [one]. The Lord is near, and His reward. Again, and yout again, I beseech you: be good lawgivers to one another; continue faithful counsellors of one another; take away from among you all hypocrisy.

21.2Ἐρωτῶ τοὺς ὑπερέχοντας – εἴ τινά μου γνώμης ἀγαθῆς λαμβάνετε συμβουλίαν – ἔχετε μεθ' ἑαυτῶν εἰς οὓς ἐργάσεσθε τὸ καλόν· μὴ ἐλλείπητε. 21.3Ἐγγὺς ἡ ἡμέρα, ἐν ᾗ συνα- πολεῖται πάντα τῷ πονηρῷ· ἐγγὺς ὁ κύριος καὶ ὁ μισθὸς αὐτοῦ. 21.4Ἔτι καὶ ἔτι ἐρωτῶ ὑμᾶς· ἑαυτῶν γίνεσθε νομοθέται ἀγαθοί, ἑαυτῶν μένετε σύμβουλοι πιστοί, ἄρατε ἐξ ὑμῶν πᾶσαν ὑπόκρισιν.

And may God, who rules over all the world, give to you wisdom, intelligence, understanding, knowledge of His judgments, with patience. And be you279 taught of God, inquiring diligently what the Lord asks from you; and do it that you may be safe in the day of judgment.280 And if you have any remembrance of what is good, be mindful of me, meditating on these things, in order that both my desire and watchfulness may result in some good. I beseech you, entreating this as a favour. While you you are in this fair vessel,281 do not fail in any one of those things,282 but unceasingly seek after them, and fulfil every commandment; for these things are worthy.283 

21.5Ὁ δὲ θεός, ὁ τοῦ παντὸς κόσμου κυριεύων, δώῃ ὑμῖν σοφίαν, σύνεσιν, ἐπιστήμην, γνῶσιν τῶν δικαιωμάτων αὐτοῦ, ὑπομονήν. 21.6 Γίνεσθε δὲ θεοδίδακτοι, ἐκζητοῦντες τί ζητεῖ κύριος ἀφ' ὑμῶν, καὶ ποιεῖτε, ἵνα εὕρητε ἐν ἡμέρᾳ κρίσεως. 21.7 Εἰ δέ τίς ἐστιν ἀγαθοῦ μνεία, μνημονεύετέ μου μελετῶντες ταῦτα, ἵνα καὶ ἡ ἐπιθυμία καὶ ἡ ἀγρυπνία εἴς τι ἀγαθὸν χωρήσῃ. 21.8Ἐρωτῶ ὑμᾶς, χάριν αἰτούμενος, ἕως ἔτι τὸ καλὸν σκεῦός ἐστιν μεθ' ὑμῶν, μὴ ἐλλείπητε μηδενὶ αὐτῶν, ἀλλὰ συνεχῶς ἐκζητεῖτε ταῦτα καὶ ἀναπληροῦτε πᾶσαν ἐντολήν–ἔστιν γὰρ ἄξια.

Wherefore I have been the more earnest to write to you, as my ability served,284 that I might cheer you.

 Farewell, you children of love and peace.

The Lord of glory and of all grace be with your spirit. Amen.285

21.9α Διὸ μᾶλλον ἐσπούδασα γράψαι ἀφ' ὧν ἠδυνήθην.

21.9β Σώζεσθε, ἀγάπης τέκνα καὶ εἰρήνης.

21.9ξὉ κύριος τῆς δόξης καὶ πάσης χάριτος μετὰ τοῦ πνεύματος ὑμῶν.

 


Introduction to the Letter of Barnabas

A letter of early Christian times ascribed by Clement of Alexandria to the Apostle Barnabas. Its Greek text was first discovered entire in the Codex Sinaiticus. It contains a strong attack on Judaism, explaining animal sacrifices, the distinctive enactments of the Mosaic Law, and the material Temple as mistakes due to Jewish blindness and denying that they were ever God’s will. The writer also maintains that the Hebrew Scriptures, so far from enjoining Judaic practices, had an esoteric sense, which he professes to reveal. In this way he succeeds in finding in the Old Testament convincing testimonies for Christianity and against Judaism. It is very improbable that the author was really the Apostle Barnabas. He was a Christian, perhaps of Alexandria, who wrote at some time between 70 and 150.

Adapted from The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, ed. F.L.Cross & E.L.Livingstone.