of Alexandria
(c. 313-398)

  Teaching Monk. Monteolivetto, Italy, 1590

DIDYMUS the BLIND (c. 313-98), Alexandrian theologian. Although he became blind around the age of four, before he had learned to read, he was made head of the Catechetical School at Alexandria by Athanasius. Among his pupils were Gregory Nazianzen, Jerome and Rufinus. His writings ‘On the Holy Spirit’ (in Jerome’s Latin translation), ‘On the Trinity’, ‘Against the Manichaeans’, and fragments of exegesis have been known since antiquity. The discovery in 1941 of a group of 6th or 7th century papyrus codices near Toura, south of Cairo, revealed further Biblical commentaries on Job, Genesis, Zechariah, Ecclesiastes, and Psalms 20-46.

In Trinitarian theology Didymus was a staunch Nicene, but he was condemned as an Origenist at the Council of Constantinople in 553, particularly for his alleged support of the apokatastasis.

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