(c.965 - 1025)

 Bishop Teahing  Med'l.. Illum. MS..

BURCHARD (c.965–1025), Bp. of Worms from 1000. He was one of the most influential bishops of his time, and was successful in asserting episcopal authority in the secular affairs of his diocese, in building new churches, in forming new parishes, and in disciplining his clergy. Between c.1008 and 1012 he compiled his Decretum, a collection of canon law, which exercised great influence in the 11th and 12th cents.

 The latter portion of the Decretum, based on the older penitential manuals was often issued by itself as a guide for confessors and known as Burchard's Corrector. [PL 140.942-1014].

Decretum [ed. B. Questenburgh] (Cologne, 1548); also pr. Paris, 1549, repr. in J. P. Migne, PL 140. 537–1058. A Life, approx. contemporary, ed. G. Waitz in MGH, Scriptores, 4 (1841), pp. 829–46; repr. J. P. Migne, loc. cit., 505–36. Crit. edn. by H. Boos, Monumenta Wormatiensia: Annalen und Chroniken (Quellen zur Geschichte der Stadt Worms, 3; 1893), pp. 97–126, with discussion pp. xxvi f. Two later Lives ed. O. Holder-Egger in MGH, Scriptores, 15 (pt. 1; 1887), pp. 44–62, of which one has been re-ed. by F. J. Bendel (Paderborn, 1912). H. Hoffmann and R. Pokorny, Das Dekret des Bischofs Burchard von Worms (MGH, Hilfsmittel, 12; 1991). W. Hartmann (ed.), Bischof Burchard von Worms 1000–1025 (Quellen und Abhandlungen zur mittelrheinischen Kirchengeschichte, 100; 2000). P. Fournier and G. Le Bras, Histoire des collections canoniques en Occident depuis les Fausses Décrétales jusqu’au Décret de Gratien, 1 (1931), pp. 364–421; H. Fuhrmann, Einfluss und Verbreitung der pseudoisidorischen Fälschungen (Schriften der MGH, 24), 2 (1973), pp. 442–85. C. Munier in NCE 2 (1967), pp. 887 f., s.v. ‘Burchard, Decretum of’; R. Kaiser and M. Kerner in Lexikon des Mittelalters, 2 (1983), pp. 946–51, s.v. ‘Burchard (13), Bf. v. Worms’






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