EDITH STEIN
S
AINT TERESA
B
ENEDICTA
of the
CROSS,
 
O.C.S.O.,
(1891-1942)

  

Sr. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross, OCSO

OF JEWISH family, she studied under E. Husserl and became a leading figure in the Phenomenological School. She became a Roman Catholic in 1922: her spiritual director was the Abbot of the Benedictine abbey of Beuron  in Hohenzollern, southern Germany, where she often went on retreat.  As a Catholic she tried to interpret Phenomenology from a Thomist standpoint.

SHE joined the Carmelites in Cologne in 1934. Because of Nazi anti-semitic laws she was transferred in 1938 for her own safety to Holland. During the occupation she was arrested and sent to Auschwitz, where she was killed in the gas-chamber.

Adapted from The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, ed. E. Livingstone, (Oxford, 1977), p. 97.

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