When the brainstem’s respiratory centers are incapacitated, the organism will not make or display any respiratory effort. The chest will remain absolutely still and the body’s need for oxygen will go unanswered. If the death of the organism is to be prevented, some external “driver” of the breathing process—a mechanical ventilator—must be used


 

BASAL GANGLIA and the REWARD CIRCUIT

 


the REWARD CIRCUIT





This Webpage was created for a workshop held at Saint Andrew's Abbey, Valyermo, California in 1990....x....   “”.