De Vitoria on obligatory and non-obligatory nutrition and treatment. Progress in Anatomy and Surgery; Microscopy. De Lugo and Painful Treatment. Drugs that work (cinchona, digitalis). St. Alphonsus Ligouri. Percival and the AMA 1st Code. Anesthesia and Antiseptic Surgery. Infectious disease. Nursing.
Public Health and the Death Rate. The Eugenics Movement and Pius XI. WWII, the Nuremberg Code, and Pius XII on human experimentation. Antimicrobials and antintibiotics. Respirators; Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation. The 1981 California Bill of Patient Rights.
5. COMA, DIMINISHED CONSCIOUSNESS, and the PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE
Neurological dilemmas: Distinguishing between inevitable death and severe disability, The controversy over Nancy Cruzan and Teri Schiavo.
6. BRAIN DEATH
Neurological dilemmas: Distinguishing between death, inevitable death and severe disability. Alan Shewman, the Pontifical Council, and the Presidential Council.
Palliative care. Treatment of pain and the obligation to sustain life. Withholding and Withdrawing life-sustaining treatment.
Ethical dilemmas concerning the right to donate organs. Organ donation after brain death and after cardiac death.